If you live in Houston or plan to move there, you may want to know about the different termite species found in the area. Termites can cause significant damage to homes and businesses, and it’s essential to identify the type of termite infesting your property to determine the best course of action for treatment and prevention. In this article, we’ll cover the most common termite species found in Houston, their habits, and how to identify them.
What are termites?
Before we dive into the different species found in Houston, let’s briefly discuss what termites are. Termites are small, white or brown insects that feed on wood and other cellulose materials. They live in large colonies and can cause significant structural damage to homes and other buildings.
Subterranean termites are the most common species found in Houston. They live in the soil and create mud tubes to travel to their food source. They feed on wood, paper, and other cellulose materials and can cause extensive damage if left untreated.
Eastern Subterranean Termites
Eastern subterranean termites are the most destructive species of termites in the United States. They can cause severe structural damage to homes and other buildings, and they are prevalent in Houston.
Formosan Subterranean Termites
Formosan subterranean termites are an invasive species that came to the United States after World War II. They are more aggressive than other species and can cause extensive damage in a short amount of time.
Drywood termites are another species found in Houston, but they are less common than subterranean termites. Unlike subterranean termites, drywood termites don’t need soil to survive. They live inside the wood they are feeding on, and their colonies are usually smaller than subterranean termite colonies.
Western Drywood Termites
Western drywood termites are the most common species of drywood termites found in the United States. They are usually found in coastal areas, including Houston.
Powderpost Drywood Termites
Powderpost drywood termites are a less common species of drywood termites found in Houston. They are smaller than other species and can cause significant damage if left untreated.
Dampwood termites are the least common species found in Houston. They live in moist wood, and their colonies are usually smaller than subterranean termite colonies.
Southeastern Dampwood Termites
Southeastern dampwood termites are the most common species of dampwood termites found in the United States. They are usually found in coastal areas and can cause significant damage to homes and other buildings.
How to Identify Termite Infestations
Identifying a termite infestation can be challenging, but there are some signs to look out for. Some common signs of a termite infestation include:
- Mud tubes on the exterior of your home or building
- Wood that sounds hollow when tapped
- Cracked or bubbling paint
- Discarded wings near windows and doors
- Termite droppings, which look like small pellets
If you suspect a termite infestation, it’s essential to contact a professional pest control company as soon as possible. They can identify the type of termite infesting your property and recommend the best course of action for treatment and prevention.
How to Prevent Termite Infestations
Preventing a termite infestation is key to protecting your property from damage. Here are some tips for preventing termite infestations:
- Eliminate sources of moisture around your home or building
- Seal any cracks or gaps in the foundation or walls of your home or building
- Store firewood and other wood debris away from your home or building
- Keep gutters and downspouts clear of debris to prevent water buildup
- Avoid using wood mulch near your home or building